A group of engineering students and academics from the Nelson Mandela University and the University of KwaZulu-Natal have built a robotic prosthetic to help amputees perform day-to-day functions.
The group presented the invention at the 2020 Global Cybathlon hosted by Switzerland virtually last weekend. The members of the Touch Hand team were the only participants from Africa. During the event, people with physical disabilities competed against each other to complete everyday tasks using state-of-the-art technical assistance systems.
Reading electromyography (EMG) signals from a person’s arm muscles, the battery-operated prosthesis is able to imitate natural hand function, allowing the user to pick up and place items of various size and practise hand grips.
The team partnered with Rapid3D to achieve their desired design of the 3D printed socket. Rapid3D’s Lynton Dent said: “As an industry partner, we’re looking to localise the knowledge [of] for technology and through linking with students and these projects we are achieving in terms [of] getting experts that can take this knowledge into industries and utilising it”.
The team performed 24 predetermined tasks across six stations using the Touch Hand-Socket prosthetic, against competing teams from other countries. The NMU students are Sthuthi Varghese, Zahid Imran, Daniel Trask and Jode Fourie who were assisted by UKZN professor Riaan Stopforth and other contributors.
“The competition was quite tough because teams had to perform a lot of task in different stations. It’s something that would be hard even for someone with a functioning [natural] hand but we’re very happy with our performance, especially because we were competing against international teams who are mostly in the private sector,” said Varghese.
The team finished 11th out of 13 competitors in their section. They developed and tested the limb on Lungile Dick from Port Elizabeth. He who lost his hand in an accident and consulted with Livingstone Hospital’s Dr Bryan Theunissen. He noted that many upper-limb amputees tended to abandon their prostheses because of poor functionality. “Upper-limb amputees are presently not well served at all,” Theunissen.
Varghese said the device was designed in a way that allowed it to pick up signals from Dick’s forearm and perform functions under his guidance. He is able to close the prosthetic hand into a fist, open it or move just the fingers.
Dick competed in the cybathlon using the prosthetic hand. He is able to attach the prosthesis to his forearm where his natural hand would start. It is attached to a 3D printed socket that covers and keeps his forearm stable. One of the primary aims was to create a safe, light prosthesis that is easy to use and walk around with.